What is this form of acne?
There is a variant of acne vulgaris that is called cystic acne. It does require specialized care because it has enough differences from acne vulgaris thus allowing it to be considered a form of acne that is independent from others. It has far more severity than acne vulgaris, and even though it is less likely to occur than acne vulgaris it is a variant that occurs quite often. Acne vulgaris is a variant that occurs in the vast majority of people albeit on a small scale, and such people may not have this regularly afflicting them and may not even be at an adolescent age.
Who are afflicted?
A lot of individuals can suffer from this form of acne. Men are more likely to be affected by this than women will. This is due to the differences in the hormones produced by their bodies. Sebum is a natural oil that is the main cause of acne among humanity. This affects those people who produce more testosterone as compared to estrogen. It is more likely to occur in men than in women. So if a woman does suffer from this acne, it is likely that her body is producing larger amounts of testosterone. Men are at a greater risk of such acne because the amount of sebum levels in their bodies is always high. This causes their pores to be blocked by the sebum and thus increasing their chances of suffering from breakouts of acne vulgaris.
The persons who are most susceptible to this acne are adolescents. During this difficult period of growth, hormone levels in children of either sex are different from their normal levels. These changes in hormones can produce a number of effects that can be deleterious. One of them is the overproduction of sebum and stress. This can lead to definite cases of acne and can even aggravate any acne that exists. Both forms of acne can affect adolescent males who will exhibit these symptoms more than adolescent females will. Young females will show signs of this acne far more than adult females will.
The causes of cystic acne
The excessive production of sebum is the primary cause of this acne. Acne is promoted by this. There are however other reasons that can also cause the hyper-production of sebum.
This over production may not be the sole factor for the acne outbreak. This acne can also occur when the pores get clogged due to other reasons and one factor could be more estrogen being produced than testosterone which causes the condition to be exacerbated. Dead skin is a major factor that comes into play. This is a natural process that allows dead skin to collect during its normal functions which shed the dead skin cells. When estrogen levels are higher than testosterone, such bodies will have drier skin. This in turn means more of dead skin which then collects in the pores. The pores then get clogged giving rise to both acne vulgaris as well as cystic acne.
The effects of this acne
There are a number of symptoms that are associated with this form of acne. Cysts are the primary ones that give rise to the acne itself. Sebum filled blisters that are raised are classified as pimples, but when there is cystic acne these can have pustules filled with pus. These are distended and above these pimples. Acne itself is a blemish that is difficult to contend with and this further expansion has effects that can be quite unfortunate and unpleasant.
Scars can be left behind after the attack of this acne, something that may not be part of the acne vulgaris affliction. This is becuase deeper tissues of the skin get affected by the cysts, than would get affected by pimples and pustules. This leading to trauma in the skin. It gets further aggravated if such cysts are tampered with or caused to rupture by artificial means. It is better to allow such cysts to rupture on their own as they will do naturally, and this is the best end to a cyst which will then ensure that scarring does not occur.
Infection is one thing that one has to be careful of that can affect physical health when one is afflicted by this acne. Cysts can be quite harmless if allowed to rupture on their own and can at the most cause some scars. However there is a danger that cysts that have ruptured can become open sores that can be affected by secondary infections. The body is normally able to contend easily with secondary infections, but they can cause serious ailments that can cause a lot of damage to the skin and lead to deep scarring and scar tissue being formed as well as other problems. So when cysts form due to acne, they should never be interfered with.There is a lot of risk from secondary infections and it is best to look for treatment to prevent the infection that can come from open sores that can come from this acne.
Is this type of acne serious?
It is definitely more serious than acne vulgaris. While accepting this as a fact it is also a fairly common skin ailment that has led to a lot of treatments being available for it. Some of them are over the counter remedies. Cystic acne is definitely not an ailment that is life threatening and any damage caused by it is only aesthetic and can cause scarring.
Any acne does cause some form of scarring. Most adolescents do outgrow acne, but the scars from cystic acne can remain for years after the affliction has gone its way. Scarring from acne is more often a result of mechanical or other means like scratching being used on the pimples and cysts and is a result of inadequate treatment of the acne. Such scarring can also occur even when acne is allowed to run its course naturally. Even acne that is treated can result in such scarring. This is an unfair and unfortunate truth that has to be accepted.
Treatment of cystic acne
Depending on the severity, treatments for cystic acne can differ. Facial cleansing is one of the pillars of such treatment which will also include a regime for skin care. Dirt, however, plays a very minor role in the reasons for this form of acne. So any cleansing that is suggested mainly acts to balance the oils in the skin on the face. A skin that is very oily will be enabled to become dry and maintain an equilibrium. In the case of people with dry skin, this process can however damage the skin further and cause an excess of dead skin which can then aggravate the acne.
Any form of acne can be kept at bay if the proper diet is followed. So you need to avoid greasy foods that can cause sebaceous hyperplasia or oily skin. Red meat products and other products from dairy sources do contain hormone traces that are given to the animals to increase production of milk as well as growth. Consuming these products can cause breakouts of acne.
There are treatments for acne that can address the problem directly. They use different ways to achieve this. Some will elect to cause oily skin to dry up. Others may on the contrary add to the skin moisture. There are some treatments that may target the production of sebum without adding to the dryness of the skin and these can be excellent for those trying to take care of the skin in the best possible way.
Severe cases of acne are treated using steroids and antibiotics. While most antibiotics are consumed orally, creams are used for administering the steroids. The bodys reaction to clogged pores can determine the incidence of acne and cysts and steroids can act as an immunosuppressant to alleviate this. This form of treatment is only indicated in very stubborn cases of acne and is only possible if such treatment is prescribed by health providers.