What is Heart Valve Disease

The majority of those who suffer from heart valve disease are born with it. It is mostly a congenital condition for people born with a narrow heart valve, leaky valves, valve flaps that are the wrong size or are to stiff. Many people are diagnosed with valvular heart disease when they are born. During their many baby well checks their pediatrician hears the tell-tell murmur that denotes a problem with the heart. For others they may not become aware of their condition until later during their life. There are also people who may never know they have this disease until it is to late when the only symptom is a sudden fatal heart attack.

While there are many people who are born with heart valve disease there are those who get this form of cardiovascular disease from some other disease or condition such as infective endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, or even a heart attack. Children who are more susceptible to strep throat run a higher risk of rheumatic fever which can cause rheumatic heart disease and damage to the heart valves as they become adults.

Bacterial infections and endocarditis of the heart can also cause valve damage. These infections can be a result of medical procedures such as a surgery or dental work where bacteria are able to enter the body. The hearts valve leaflets are scarred by such an infection which can lead to heart valve regurgitation, which is a backflow of blood back through the valve.

Heart valve disease can be identified and diagnosed with the following tests:

1. Echocardiogram – This test is used routinely to diagnose valvular disease. Thickened valve leaflets, vegetations or growths on valve leaflets, myocardial function, and chamber size can be determined, and pressure gradients across valves and pulmonary artery pressures can be estimated. Either transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography may be used.

2. Chest X-ray – This can identify cardiac hypertrophy, chamber and great vessel enlargement, and dilation of the pulmonary vasculature. Calcification of the valve leaflets and annular openings may also be visible.

3. Electrocardiography – Can demonstrate atrial and ventricular hypertrophy, conduction defects, and dysrhythmias associated with valvular disease.

4. Cardiac catheterization – Is used to assess contractility and to determine the pressure gradients across the heart valves, in the heart chambers, and in the pulmonary system.

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The Connection Between Gum Disease And Heart Disease

Taking care of your teeth and gums is extremely important. Gum disease and tooth decay can be both costly and uncomfortable problems to deal with. But recent studies have shown that taking care of your teeth and gums may be even more important than once thought. According to studies, people who suffer from periodontal disease are almost twice as likely to suffer from cardiovascular disease. Information like this highlights the importance of maintaining healthy teeth and gums. Next time you are brushing or flossing, remember that you might also be helping to lower your risk for heart disease.

Understanding Where The Link Comes From

The link between periodontal and cardiovascular disease most likely comes from the buildup of plaque. In fact, the very same plaque that builds up on your teeth and gums can enter your bloodstream and create blockages of your arteries. These blockages obstruct the flow of blood and nutrients to your heart. In serious cases, this can lead to a heart attack.

Although most people understand that gum disease and tooth decay can be very serious problems, most do not see them as life threatening or on the same level as other more serious health problems. However, with the realization that oral health can have a direct affect on the health of your heart, it is time to start paying closer attention to keeping up with your oral health if you are not already.

Coronary Artery Disease

The leading cause of death in the United States is coronary artery disease. When plaque begins to build up in your arteries, it hardens and creates a blockage of the flow of blood to your heart. A number of significant problems can result from this. Chest pain, heart arrhythmias or heart attacks can all result from the buildup of plaque in your arteries. Because of this fact, it is very important to do anything you can to lessen your risk for heart disease. This consists of exercise, proper diet, quitting smoking and taking care of your oral health to lower your potential risk for cardiovascular disease.

To maintain healthy teeth and gums, it is very important for you to brush at least twice per day, generally after meals. It is also essential to floss between your teeth every day to reach areas that your toothbrush cannot. You also need to make frequent visits to your Midlothian dentist for cleanings and checkups. He or she will be able to clean your teeth using tools and techniques that you are not able to perform and can examine your teeth and gums to catch any potential problems early on.

To learn more about the connection between gum disease and heart disease or to schedule an appointment, contact your dentist in Midlothian, VA today.

Heart Disease Symptoms For Different Types Of Heart Disease

We very well know that heart disease has different symptoms and similar warning signs. Today people are suffering several different types of heart disease like heart attack, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, fibrillation and arrhythmias. Few of most common symptoms of heart disease for coronary artery illness contain faster heart beat, breath shortness, dizziness, weakness, palpitation, sweating and nausea. Chest pain is also the common symptoms found in patients. This may happen due to heartburn but sometimes. Patient may experience aching, heaviness, burning, pressure, discomfort, fullness and squeezing from cause of chest pain. The heart disease patient may experience pain in throat, back, neck, arm and jaw apart from chest.

The heart disease symptoms for heart attack consist of abnormal blood pressure, pain in arm, breast, heaviness and discomforts. May this discomfort spread out to throat, jaw, arm or in back. Patient sometime experiences some strange activities such as choking, vomiting, dizziness and sweating. The patient may suffer severe weak, living in anxiety and breath shortness. Also there is more chance to face irregular heartbeat.

Generally these symptoms remain thirty minutes during the heart attack. Initial moment it will begin mild and later it turn into significant pain. Some patient affected heart disease without significant symptoms. Such case is very common for diabetic patients. Once a person assumed to have heart disease symptoms without delay he/she must take medical help in order to lessen the risk of critical situation and heart damage.

Arrhythmias heart disease symptoms include abnormal rhythm, feeling heart beat skipped, chest pounding, dizziness, fainting, fatigue and breathe shortness. Even though it eighty percent resembles other types of heart disease but the symptoms of heart disease varies with its activities, causes and risk issues. The arrhythmia, racing, fluttering, unexpected pounding experiencing in heart are the most common heart disease symptoms for Atrial fibrillation. Patient may realize tired and feel short of energy, dizziness, light headed, discomfort, faints in chest and breath shortness, etc. People may experience above all symptoms or only one symptom.

The other categories of heart disease include heart failure, valve disease and congenital heart defects. People at any age affect in heart disease even children and infants. The symptoms of heart disease also include cyanosis which appears in bluish tint, lips skin, fingernails, fast or rapid breathing, slowly weight gain, unhealthy food gain, periodic lung infections and lack of ability to exercise and many more. If parents neglect heart disease symptoms to treat then there are chances more to face death for infants and children.

Rheumatic Heart Disease What It Is And How It Can Be Prevented

Rheumatic heart disease is a specific cardiac condition that is caused when bacterial infections damage the heart valves. Genus Streptococcus is the bacterium responsible for such infections. It is the same bacterium that causes tonsillitis (commonly known as strep throat). When the condition of tonsillitis is left untreated, it may result in bacterial spread, which may have very serious consequences. The bacteria may travel to the heart and cause inflammation, eventually damaging the tissues in heart valves.

Signs And Symptoms
As it is quite clear now, strep throat can be a big alert sign, especially if you are experiencing it for over a couple of weeks. However, in some cases, it appears that strep throat has been thoroughly treated, but in fact, the infection still remains there and it keeps on spreading in different parts of your body. It is very much likely that such bacterial infection will silently reach your heart and cause rheumatic heart disease. Therefore, strep throat infections must be taken very seriously. Even if your throat seems to be working fine, you should keep taking the medicine to completely remove the infection. Some common symptoms that you may experience when you have such heart infections include jerky movements in the muscles, extreme fatigue, chest pain, shortness of breath, and rash with rheumatic fever.

Risk Factors
There are several risk factors that may be responsible for increasing the speed of bacterial infection. For example, those with prosthetic valves are highly susceptible to have such problems. Likewise, bacterial infection is more likely to cause heart valve complications in those who are already suffering from congenital heart problems. What is more, there are many underdeveloped countries where no proper treatment is available for strep throat. Therefore, the condition of not treating throat infection is also a major risk factor for rheumatic heart disease in various parts of the world.

Can It Be Prevented?
There is no guaranteed way to prevent such problems, but still, you can do plenty of things to substantially reduce the chance of such bacterial infection and the subsequent rheumatic complications. For example, Personal hygiene can play a very important role in this regard. The basic idea is to eliminate the chance of getting affected with a strep throat. Besides that, if strep throat still occurs, you must seek immediate medical help from experts. Any delay in treatment can be very dangerous for your heart health.

There are several antibiotics that can be used to treat rheumatic heart disease. You may have to take these antibiotics for up to six weeks. However, in case of severe reactions and damage, the doctor may suggest you to go for surgical treatment. But such severe conditions occur only after several years of deterioration of the heart valves. If you take proper care regularly, the condition may not reach that severity level.

Heart Disease Caused Due To Low Nutrition

Heart disease are been caused due to various conditions which one is facing. It may be cause by anything like it can be either genetic or just by some physical problem. Apart from the above reasons it is can be also caused due to low level of nutrition in the body. Many people search for many nutrition articles in which they can get some tips and diet which one can follow so that the heart disease can not be invited. There are many diseases on heart but it is very necessary that you should know what the kinds of symptoms are or precautions one should take. The disease can be heart attack, cardiovascular and lot more. The very common symptom you can notice if one is diagnosed to it is the severe chest pain, heart burn, heaviness, fullness of chest, discomfort and lot more.

Other heart disease is the angina in which if the person get diagnosed to it then he or she may feel pain in chest, arms, throat, neck, shoulders, jaw and even back. This problem arises when you are more to the habit or eating fast and junk foods which contains more oiliness and fats which increase the cholesterol level. When the level of cholesterol increases then automatically the invitation to heart disease is been send. Through many nutrition articles you can get many methods and healthy tips from which one can keep oneself fit and fine. There are numerous articles which you can get from any book, magazine or from internet. In such articles it is been given in simple words which can be easily understood by a person. If you are diagnosed to such disease or want to take it as a precaution then healthy food is a must. It includes various food items like fresh fruits, cereal and pulses or even a green vegetable. Oily food should be strictly avoided.

In the nutrition articles you can also find the diet plan and the daily schedule which will help you a lot if one follows it everyday without fail. It is not necessary that such heart disease can be only affected to the adults or old age people but in todays world this disease is been found in majority in teenagers and young people. They are caused due to low nutrition in the body level which invites such kind of disease. There are many nutrition articles on childrens, teenagers, young people, adults and even old people. All this articles help to give you a prefect healthy life which will never invite any sort of disease or problem even tough it is major or mild. A heart disease is never a mild or major one but it affects a person body that it can cause danger even death. If in a family a member is been diagnosed to this disease then it is for sure to get the other person also diagnosed. It is always better to keep your childrens healthy, fit and fine as a precaution and one can search for as many nutrition articles which may help you to stay away from any risk factors. When you are diagnosed to it a daily check up to doctor is necessary in emergency and also a daily diet plan should also be continued.